alternatives to pesticides - bugs/pests - apple maggots
Actual size: Adult/Maggot 1/4”
This pest makes brown tunnels inside apples with external symptoms so slight they may go unnoticed. The adult apple maggot is a fly, similar to the common housefly. Flies lay their eggs in apples where the legless white maggots develop in the flesh of the fruit. The insect spends the winter in the soil in its pupal stage.
Collect dropped apples to reduce the apple maggot population. If not too badly damaged, these apples can be made into cider.
Blackstrap Molasses or Malt Extract Traps - Trap adult flies with a solution of one part blackstrap molasses or malt extract, nine parts water and enough yeast to create fermentation. Once the fermentation subsides, pour the liquid into wide-mouthed jars, coffee cans or milk cartons. Hang the containers in the trees as traps.
Tanglefoot - Another effective trap is a red plastic sphere, made sticky by applying a commercially available sticky compound such as Tanglefoot, hung in trees to trap the insects when they land. These traps are available at garden centers or can be made at home.
Apple Varieties - If apple maggots are a consistent problem, consider planting thicker skinned later varieties such as Winesap and Jonathan.
Yellow and red sticky boards- Yellow and red sticky boards, which are available at garden centers, attract apple maggot flies. The flies are drawn to the color and are caught on the trap’s sticky surface.