Greater Clark Parks District Funding
A variety of revenue sources are used to plan, design, permit and build parks, sports fields and trails in the Greater Clark Parks District. These revenue sources include park impact fees, real estate excise taxes, grants, donations and partnerships.
During the Great Recession, Clark County saw a precipitous drop in revenues, which forced putting many of the unbuilt parks on hold. As the economy rebounds, Clark County has resumed building parks.
The following provides information about some of the revenue sources used in the Greater Clark Parks District.
Greater Clark Parks District tax levy
In February 2005, voters in the unincorporated urban area outside the city of Vancouver approved a property tax levy, primarily to pay for maintenance and operations of new facilities in the Greater Clark Parks District.
Under state law, the district’s levy can be only for maintenance and operations, as well as provide some capital funding for development.
- Revised Code of Washington, Chapter 35.61, Metropolitan Park Districts
- Metropolitan park district taxing authority, Municipal Research and Services Center
The Greater Clark Parks District's property tax rate is set at a maximum of 27 cents per $1,000 of assessed property value. More information about levy rates is available on the Clark County Assessor's webpage.
All the parks, trails and sports fields included in the Greater Clark Parks District program must be maintained on an ongoing basis, so the district’s levy has no expiration, or “sunset,” date.
Park impact fees
These fees are collected when building permits are issued for single-family homes, apartments and other residential projects.
The county collects two park impact fees, one for land acquisition and one for park development. Prior to 2014, these fees were deposited into separate accounts for each district. After that date, park impact fees were deposited into combined accounts for each district. Money from these combined accounts can be spent on either land acquisition or park development.
The Greater Vancouver area is divided into 10 park districts, and park impact fees must be spent within the district in which they are collected. State law requires impact feels to be spent within 10 years or they must be refunded.
Under Washington law, park impact fees can be spent only on park acquisition or development. They cannot be used to pay for ongoing operations and maintenance, nor can they be used for roads, public safety and other county services.
- Map showing park impact fee districts (PDF)
- Chart showing park impact fee fund balances (PDF)
- Park impact fees 101: A three-page summary (PDF)
Real estate excise taxws
These taxes are collected when real estate is sold. Clark County and the city of Vancouver and Clark County adopted a real estate excise tax for parks in 1996 and readopted the tax in 2002. Business, development and real estate representatives supported both actions.
The Clark County Council determines how to spend revenue from real estate excise taxes collected in the urban and rural areas outside city limits.
Until 2011, the county's real estate excise tax revenue was divided between parks and economic development. The portion for parks was used to build new parks and to improve existing parks.
In late 2011, with the ongoing economic downturn, the then-Board of County Commissioners decided to use real estate excise taxes primarily for debt payments on several county buildings. Parks no longer received real estate excise taxes after this decision was made.
By late 2015, the economy had rebounded enough that the Board of County Councilors agreed to provide a one-time amount of $239,500 in real estate excise taxes for capital repairs in county parks. However, the Board of County Councilors has not reallocated ongoing real estate excise taxes to park development in the Greater Clark Parks District.
Grants and donations
Clark County Parks regularly applies for state and federal grants to supplement its budget.
County neighborhood associations and citizens also can help fund park development or improvement projects by applying for grants, providing private donations or conducting fundraising efforts.
The Parks Foundation of Clark County can assist individuals and groups with setting up tax-exempt accounts to accept monetary donations at no charge.